|General programme, activity sheet|
||Friday 19 September, 2014 10:00 to 10:30
Production strategies of monolingual and bilingual children with and without SLI: Insights from place of articulation permutations
Authors: de Almeida, Laetitia, dos Santos, Christophe and Ferré, Sandrine
In first language acquisition, consonants in children’s productions tend to be identical for place features in babbling and in the first words (Kern et al, 2009). L1 learners acquire non-harmonic patterns for place features gradually; this acquisition is influenced by positional constraints: generally, children first produce words beginning with a labial consonant and, later, word initial dorsal consonants are allowed (Fikkert and Levelt 2008; Costa 2010).
As these non-harmonic patterns appear later, our first question is about the mastering of such patterns by children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and children acquiring a second language (L2 learners). Our second question is about the repair strategies of these populations: are they qualitatively the same as the one reported in first language acquisition?
Our empirical data consist of the productions of 31 typically-developing (TD) bilingual children learning French (12 English-French and 19 Arabic-French bilinguals); 12 bilingual SLI children (3 English-French and 9 Arabic-French bilinguals); 12 monolingual French SLI children and 13 TD monolingual French children. Data from Portuguese-French bilingual children are being collected. All the children are between 5;06 and 9;00. Their elicited productions were collected using a non-word repetition task (LITMUS NWR-French) containing labial and dorsal voiceless plosives and a labial voiceless fricative as onset heads. For the purpose of the study, we only focused at the production of plosive consonants.
The results show that, generally, children tend to perform better at [Lab…Dor] sequences than at [Dor…Lab] sequences. The repair strategies involving segmental properties consist mainly on consonantal harmony and metathesis. Consonantal harmony can either consist on a Labial or a Dorsal harmony but Labial harmony is only regressive whereas Dorsal harmony can either be regressive and progressive. Metathesis between Labial and Dorsal are also attested but seem to be related to a preference for #sk sequence over #sp sequence.
Costa, T. (2010). The Acquisition of the Consonantal System in European Portuguese: Focus on Place and Manner Features. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. University of Lisbon.
Fikkert, P. & C. Levelt (2008). “How does place fall into place? The lexicon and emergent constraints in children’s developing grammars”. In P. Avery, B. E. Dresher & K. Rice (eds.), Contrast in Phonology: Theory, Perception, Acquisition, 231-268. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Kern, S., Davis, B. & Zink, I., 2009, "From babbling to first words in four languages: Common trends, cross language and individual differences", in Becoming eloquent: Advances in the Emergence of language, human cognition and modern culture, Hombert, J.M. & D'Errico, F. (eds), John Benjamins' Publishing Company.
dos Santos, Christophe and Ferré, Sandrine (2012), LITMUS-NWR-French, ms., François Rabelais University, Tours.
Paper session D1
Place: Main Room