|General programme, activity sheet|
||Friday 25 October, 2013 12:40 to 13:00
Tourism research in Spain: bibliometric analysis of the proceedings of the Congress of the Spanish Association of Scientific Experts in Tourism (AECIT, 1994-2012)Speaker: José-Antonio Corral-Marfil, University of Vic
Speaker: Gemma Cànoves, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona
Authors: José A. Corral-Marfil; Gemma Cànoves-Valiente
Bibliometric studies of the scientific literature on tourism provide empirical evidence for the philosophical debates about the nature of this field of research. These debates include the disciplinary dilemma for tourism research posed by Echtner and Jamal (1997). Some bibliometric studies focus on an analysis of the production of specific countries. In the case of Spain, several studies analyze the articles published in scientific journals. However, none appears to have focused on the analysis of grey literature.
The aim of this study is to describe Spanish tourism research by means of a bibliometric analysis of the proceedings of the Congress of the Spanish Association of Scientific Experts in Tourism (AECIT). It aims to explore the origin of the research: who carries out the research (authors, organizations, regions). Its objective is also to describe the output: where the research takes place (territories, scales), what is researched (topics), how the research is done (methodologies, disciplines) and why the research takes place (Jafari’s platforms, 2003).
The methodology consisted of a bibliometric study of the contents of the proceedings of the 17 congresses of AECIT (1994-2012). Compiling the proceedings was in itself a contribution by the study, because these proceedings were dispersed. Some proceedings were published on paper, others on CD-ROM and others on floppy disks; some were posted on the Internet; and some were not published. However, with the help of the AECIT it was possible to compile them all. We selected the lectures, communications and posters from the proceedings. Other contents, such as forewords, conference conclusions and reports were discarded. A total of 556 contributions formed the empirical basis of the study.
The proceedings of the AECIT Congress are interesting material for the study of tourism research in Spain. The proceedings of the Congress are possibly a better reflection of the heterogeneity of the research (e.g. in terms of scientific disciplines and academic orientation compared to professional orientation) than other more specialized types of publications such as scientific journals or books. Moreover, according to the model for the growth of scientific literature (Drott, 1995), developments based on some papers presented at the Congress had to be published as journal articles. The contents of the proceedings therefore also cover part of the literature published in other formats.
We analyzed various aspects of tourism research using a descriptive statistical univariate and bivariate study of the contributions. The authors’ affiliations were used to study the foci of research: authors, centres and regions producing tourism knowledge. By analyzing the content of the contributions, we obtained the territories researched, the subjects covered, the methodologies used and the main scientific disciplines.
The topics covered were classified according to the 20 topics used by Tian, Lee and Law (2011). For the methodologies, we constructed an ad hoc classification based on those used by Huang et al.(2008) and Svensson et al. (2009). We made a distinction between empirical studies -quantitative, qualitative and triangular - and those of a non-empirical nature - reviews and comments. For disciplinary orientation, we adopted the 29-discipline classification of Cheng et al.(2011). The contributions were also classified according to Jafari’s four platforms (2003) -advocacy, cautionary, adaptancy and knowledge-based - and according to the two fields defined by Tribe (1997) – research into the business of tourism and into non-business aspects of tourism.
Cheng, C.K.; Li, X. Petrick, J.F.; O’Leary, J.T. 2011. An examination of tourism journal development. Tourism Management, 32, 53-61.
Drott, C. 1995. Reexamining the Role of Conference Papers in Scholarly Communication. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 46, 299-305.
Echtner, C.M.; Jamal, T.B. 1997. The disciplinary dilemma of tourism studies. Annals of Tourism Research, 24, 868-883.
Huang, S.; Hsu, C.H.C. 2008. Recent tourism and hospitality research in China. International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Administration, 9, 267-287.
Jafari, J. 2003. Research and scholarship. The basis of tourism education. The Journal of Tourism Studies, 14, 6-16.
Svensson, G.; Svaeri, S.; Einarsen, K. 2009. ‘Empirical characteristics’ of scholarly journals in hospitality and tourism research: An assessment. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 28, 479-483.
Tian, Y.E.; Lee, H.A.; Law, R. 2011. A comparison of research topics in leading tourism journals. International Journal of Tourism Sciences, 11, 108-126.
Tribe, J. 1997. The indiscipline of tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 24, 638-657.
Session 5 – Ontologies, epistemologies and disciplinarity (5)
Place: Main Room