|General programme, activity sheet|
||Thursday 24 October, 2013 17:35 to 17:55
Looking through University´s window – Tourism and its plotsSpeaker: Teresa Catramby, Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro
Authors: Teresa Catramby
Understanding how the process of production of knowledge in such multidisciplinary area as Tourism demands reflections and analyzes go beyond the observable. The mutations and meanders, even with no reference to the peculiar questions of each area of study that contribute to the knowledge in the area, assign to this process a complexity in its understanding.
The question here raised faces characters and distinct environments that aim to study Tourism accordingly to its ways of thinking and acting, to Professors that have multiple formations in public and particular structures of universities.
The structure of this work is based on an article published by John Tribe in 2010 named Tribes, Territories and Networks in the Tourism Academy, which central line comes to be the propose to understand how the thought processes and the production of knowledge happens within educational institutions.
It aimed to interview¹ researchers who have already oriented scientific works defended in post-graduation programs on the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, not quantitatively, but with determined representation as: being linked to post-graduation programs or with relevant publications on the area of Tourism.
The conversation with these researchers and the observations on their workplaces enabled to understand which form the theme Tourism is apprehended, how the academic community sees the research and, also, whether there are possible links. For the analysis, it was used a structure of interpretation of data that presented more adequate to the purpose of this work and to the Brazilian academic environment.
When they were questioned about Tourism be an activity or a phenomenon, this dichotomy pointed out questions not yet defined. From the viewpoint of social sciences, Tourism is a phenomenon. However, the activity acquires space when they´re approached, for example, economic and management questions. Or that there shall be space to thinking of two forms, because, according to Bartholo (PEP/COPPE/UFRJ) “[...] depends, I think that both things. If I´m doing, I´m in activity. If I´m watching, I´m seeing a phenomenon.”
Regarding disciplinarity and its limits, Echtner and Jamal (1997) pointed to the difficulty of establishing the limits of Tourim´s study field, because it permeates different areas such as the ones pointed by Jafari (1981) and because it uses non appropriated methodologies. Authors as Jafari (1990) and Pearce (1993) defend that interdisciplinary researches are richer and there is no possibility to limit the study field to only one area. This was the point of all interviewed, detaching what´s already been published in many works.
It was questioned the importance of using specific concepts of Tourism and Bianca Freire-Medeiros (CPDOC/FGV) points: “I think Tourism helps us to think concepts and theories for any discipline, and not otherwise,” and Roberto Bartholo (PEP/COPPE/UFRJ) says: “If they are temporary, there is no problem,” pointing to the need for always rethink the knowledge.
Study of Tourism is interlaced by many disciplines, where each one has its own disciplinary matrix, methods of research and philosophical conceptions. This hinders the development of standards, highlighting the difficulty to studying Tourism to follow certain paradigm.
When they were questioned about whether the researches are pure or applied, where pure researches reaffirm the study field, and applied researches involves what´s most questioned on Tourism’s study field – its joint with theory and practice -, Roberto Bartholo (PEP / COPPE / UFRJ) summarizes it with the following statement: “Let´s say, they (researches) can have nature in application and application as condition to develop theory.”
The researches happen on places here denominated environments, and the interviewed people have said they usufruct a good structure of work and total autonomy in their researches.
Only three of the twelve interviewed people participate of Associations linked to Tourism. This work also enable to observe there are differences of opinion about a same subject: Tourism. It´s clear it constitutes a complex phenomenon that needs its concepts to be delimited and re-delimited, but it cannot be reduced to the formal precepts of a discipline. In this case, Morin (2007) suggests to look forward to an transdisciplinarity, and Tribe (2005) defines it as “post-discipline.”
We also noted there is no formal network of researchers, but the recognition of the importance of these inter and extrainstitutional interactions.
Session 4 – Ontologies, epistemologies and disciplinarity (4)
Place: Main Room