Friday 8 September, 2017
Linguistic theory, lexical access and language acquisition accounts of code-switching preferences: now they converge… now they don’t
Speaker: Juana Liceras, University of Ottawa / Universidad Nebrija
Convergent and divergent code-switching behavior on the part of different types of bilinguals seems to be challenging for any type of account, be it linguistically or psycholinguistically-rooted since even when constructs such as language dominance or the specific nature of a given structure may provide an explanation, it does not necessarily hold for the same bilingual population or for the same type of data elicitation task.
In that respect, we have robust evidence of switches that are accepted but seldom produced (concord structures where one language provides the Determiner and another language provides the Noun), while so far interesting and sophisticated Minimalist accounts (Moro 2001, 2014; Liceras et al. 2008), Distributed Morphology accounts (Burkholder 2017; Peters 2017) or Language Acquisition accounts (Liceras et al. 2005; 2008) cannot explain that divergence.
Non-dominant bilinguals also exhibit divergence between production and interpretation tasks when it comes to abiding by the analogical criterion when establishing gender agreement between a Determiner and the translation equivalent of an ungendered Noun in concord structures or between a DP and an Adjectival Phrase in predicate structures (Liceras, Fernandez Fuertes & Klassen 2016), a contrast that seems to be a function of complexity in lexical access paired up with structural complexity.
Nonetheless, convergence holds in the case of production and acceptance of DP subject + verb switches versus the lack of production and rejection of subject pronoun + verb switches (Fernandez Fuertes & Liceras 2015), a dichotomy that seems to be successfully accounted for by linguistic theory (Van Gelderen & MacSwan 2008; MacSwan and Colina 2014).
Convergent and divergent code-switching behavior is also expected to occur in the case of bimodal bilingualism (Lillo-Martin, Müller de Quadros & Chen Pichler 2016) and it seems to be the case that constraints that go beyond the minimum requirements of the Minimalist Program and Distributed Morphology may shape the code-switching choices made by bimodal bilinguals (Liceras 2016). In this presentation we argue that in order to account for code-switching divergence and convergence contrasts, we need to resort to highly specific processing constraints rooted in formal linguistic accounts.
16:40 - 18:40 / Workshop 1 - “Code switching and bilingualism”
Oral presentationCode switching within the DP with Basque/Spanish data
Speaker: Jon Robledo, University of Illinois at Chicago
Speaker: Irati de Nicolas, University of Illinois at Chicago
Oral presentationPhonological spell-out of Spanish/English word internal code-switching
Speaker: Sara Stefanich, University of Illinois at Chicago