Friday 8 September, 2017
Production Divergence without Representational Deficiencies: The Use of Passives in Turkish Heritage Speakers’ Turkish and German
Speaker: Marit Westergaard, Norges Arktiske Universitet
Authors: Fatih Bayram, Jason Rothman, Michael Iverson, David Miller, Eloi Puig-Mayenco, Tanja Kupisch, Marit Westergaard
Determining how and why adult outcomes of heritage speaker (HS) bilingualism differ from monolinguals is difficult because it requires the reconstruction of developmental paths from end-state data. In an effort to address this issue, we examine HSs of Turkish in Germany at an early age of development (10-15 years old, n=22), and age-matched monolingual controls in Turkey (n=20) and Germany (n=20), using a structured elicitation task for the production of passives. The goal is to see whether HSs have the representation of passives in their mental grammars and to better understand the relative weight of factors (age at time of testing, immigration status of the Turkish parents, and literacy in the L1) that potentially contribute to HSs’ grammatical competence. The results show that all HSs have the underlying representation for passives in both Turkish and German. The statistical model showed a significant effect of only literacy level (F (3,596) = 6.119; p < .001); all other main effects and interactions were not significant (all ps > .1). Higher the level of L1 literacy correlated with greater numbers of produced passives as compared to the HSs with no literacy We discuss these results pertaining to explicating ultimate attainment outcomes in heritage language acquisition in relation to larger debates in the field.
15:00 - 16:30 / Workshop 4 - “Formal Perspectives in the Acquisition of Minority Languages”
Oral presentationA comparison between adult heritage speakers and L1 attrited speakers on Italian answering strategies
Speaker: Irene Caloi, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main