Thursday 7 September, 2017 17:10 to 17:40
Omission of Prepositions in Production is Linked to Online Comprehension Difficulties
Speaker: Natalia Mitrofanova, Norges Arktiske Universitet
Authors: Natalia Mitrofanova (UiT), Irina Sekerina (CUNY)
In this paper we report on an eye-tracking VW study designed to test comprehension of locative prepositions by 2- and 3-year-old monolingual Russian children. The analysis of the eye-movement patterns suggests that unlike 3-year-olds, 2-year-old children face difficulties when the identification of the target picture depends upon the comprehension of locative prepositions. In contrast, both 2- and 3-year-olds behave similarly well on the control condition, when the identification of the target picture relies on the correct comprehension of a common noun. The observed contrast between 2- and 3-year-old children with respect to comprehension mirrors a reported difference on the production level, where 2-year-olds have been shown to omit unstressed functional elements (including prepositions) at significantly higher rates than older children. We argue that these results go against pure performance-based approaches and are consistent with an approach that assumes non-target-like underlying lexical/grammatical representations at the stage of preposition omission in production.
L1 acquisition - Session III
18:10 h. to 18:40 h.
Oral presentationRIs in L1 and 2L1 acquisition and the issue of interlinguistic influence: Are we comparing apples and oranges?
Speaker: Juana Liceras, University of Ottawa / Universidad Nebrija
17:40 h. to 18:10 h.
Oral presentationHow children deal with word order variation in the input: Evidence from elicited repetition of embedded clauses in German
Speaker: Emanuela Sanfelici, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
18:40 h. to 19:10 h.
Oral presentationOn Semantic Coercion in Children's Raising and Passives
Speaker: William Snyder, University of Connecticut
Speaker: Emma Nguyen, University of Connecticut