Thursday 7 September, 2017 16:00 to 16:30
Japanese 2-year-olds' Use of Multiple Cues in Verb Acquisition
Speaker: Ayumi Matsuo, Kobe College
Authors: Ayumi Matsuo and Letitia Naigles
Researchers have proposed that children use several cues to successfully exploit sentence frames when when learning novel verb meanings (Cameron-Faulkner et al., 2003; Dittmar et al., 2008; Fisher, 1994, 2002; Gertner & Fisher, 2013; Noble et al., 2016). These cues include preferences for (A) interpreting the first noun as causal agent, (B) each noun to bear a distinct thematic role, and (C) more frequent constructions. Cues B and C have been cited to explain why English- and German-learning children easily map the transitive verb in “the duck is gorping the bunny” onto a causative action but have more difficulty mapping the verb in the conjoined-NP sentence “the duck and the bunny are gorping” onto a noncausative action. That is, the two NP arguments in transitive sentences bear two distinct theta roles (Agent and Patient) whereas the NPs in the conjoined sentence share the Agent theta role; moreover, conjoined-NP sentences are more sparse in the input than transitive sentences. The results of our studies confirm that Japanese children make use of argument number and case markers when interpreting novel verbs, as they consistently preferred causative actions when hearing canonical SOV sentences (Gleitman, 1990). Use of cue A was supported; however, neither construction frequency nor a preference for NPs with distinct thematic roles was observed to play a role.
L1 acquisition - Session II
15:00 h. to 15:30 h.
Oral presentationThe acquisition of 'bridging' tested in a coloring task
Speaker: Jasmijn Bosch, Universiteit van Amsterdam
Speaker: Manuela Pinto, Universiteit Utrecht
Speaker: Shalom Zuckerman, Universiteit Utrecht
15:30 h. to 16:00 h.
Oral presentationA Corpus Study of the Distribution of Possessives in Child and Adult Emirati Arabic
Speaker: Dimitrios Ntelitheos, United Arab Emirates University
16:30 h. to 17:00 h.
Oral presentationAcquisition of Clausal Comparatives by Parameter Setting
Speaker: Ryosuke Hattori, University of Connecticut