General programme, activity sheet

Friday 9 September, 2016 10:30 to 11:00 Oral presentation
Determiner use in early French at the crossroads of phonology and pragmatics
Speaker: Naomi Yamaguchi, Laboratoire de Phonétique et Phonologie (CNRS & Univ. Sorbonne Nouvelle)
Speaker: Marine Le Mené, Université Sorbonne Nouvelle

Authors: Marine Le Mené & Naomi Yamaguchi

Several studies ([1][2][3]) have shown that throughout the process of determiners’ acquisition children may omit the determiner, produce filler syllables or adult-like determiners. These pre-nominal forms have particularly been analysed in morphological ([4]), syntactic ([5][6]), phono-prosodic ([7]) or pragmatic perspectives ([8][9][10]). But only few studies have both combined some of these perspectives and systematically taken transitional forms into account. This study aims to look into the child’s use of the various pre-nominal forms produced during the process of determiner’s emergence, examining simultaneously phono-prosodic and pragmatic factors. Our study is based on a video-recorded corpus of two children: Adrien and Madeleine. For both children, we selected 6 sessions, from 2;05 to 3;05 (MLU 1,08-3) for A. and from 1;07 to 2;02 (MLU 1,6-3,26) for M. For each noun occurrence, we observed whether it was preceded by a determiner, a filler or a null form. Each occurrence was characterized according to phono-prosodic (number of syllables of the noun and phonologic phrase) and pragmatic factors (type of reference and referent’s rank in the dialogue). Results show that children’s use of pre-nominal forms can be explained by at least one of the two factors but also that phono-prosodic and pragmatic factors converge for most of the noun tokens. This suggests that the influence of formal and functional factors should not be analysed separately but observed together to get a more clearly defined picture of determiners development and to get closer from the understanding of the variation of forms in the pre-nominal slot. Combining these two factors also highlighted the fact that even before a complete acquisition of the paradigm, children seem to produce pre-nominal forms with contrasted functions. The distribution of forms could then be the reflection of the child’s early sensitivity to the relationship between forms and functions. References [1] PETERS, A. M. (2001), « Filler syllables: what is their status in emerging grammar ? », Journal of Child Language 28, pp. 229-242 [2] VENEZIANO, E. (2001), « A system-approach to the analysis of fillers as the transition to grammar », in Almgrem M., Barreqa A., Ezeizabarrena M.J., Idiazabal I., MacWhinney B. (eds), Research on Child Language Acquisition, Proceedings of the 8th Conference of the International Association for the Study of Child Language, Somerville, Cascadilla Press, p.739-760 [3] BASSANO, D., MAILLOCHON I., et MOTTET S. (2008), « Noun grammaticalization and determiner use in French children’s speech: a gradual development with prosodic and lexical influences », Journal of Child Language 35, pp. 403-438 [4] KILANI-SCHOCH, M., et DRESSLER, W. U. (2000), « Are fillers as precursors of morphemes relevant for morphological theory ? A case story from the acquisition of French », In W. U. DRESSLER, O. E. PFEIFFER, M. A. POCHTRAGER et J. R. RENNISON (Eds.), Morphological Analysis in Comparison, Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 89-111 [5] PINE, J.M. et LIEVEN, E.V.M. (1997), « Slot and frame patterns and the development of the determiner category », Applied psycholinguistics, 19, pp. 123-138 [6] VALIAN, V. (2009), « Abstract linguistic representations and innateness: The development of determiners », in W.D. Lewis, S.Karimi, H. Harley, & S. Farrar. (Eds.), Time and Again: Theoretical Perspectives on Formal Linguistics in Honor of D. Terence Langendoen, pp: 189-206. [7] DEMUTH, K. (2001), « A prosodic approach to filler syllables », Journal of Child Language 28, pp. 246-249 [8] SALAZAR ORVIG, A. et MORGENSTERN, A. (2001), « Can fillers have a discursive function ? » International Congress for the Study of Child Language (IASCL), Madison [9] SALAZAR ORVIG, A., (2008), « Entre Gramática y Pragmática: Adquisición de los determinantes en francés » in L. MIRANDA (ed.): Actas del V Congreso Nacional de Investigaciones Lingüístico-Filológicas. Cátedra UNESCO para la Lectura y la Escritura en América Latina (Sede Peru), Lima, pp. 55-87 [10] MORGENSTERN, A. (2009), « Eclosion de la morphosyntaxe : le rôle des fillers pré-nominaux dans un corpus longitudinal », Rééducation orthophonique, la morphosyntaxe, pp. 63-82
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Discourse and pragmatic development
Place: Room B-11

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