General programme, activity sheet

Wednesday 7 September, 2016 Poster
Functional Networks Reveal Higher Efficiency in the Bilingual Brain
Speaker: Daniel  Adrover Roig, Universitat de les Illes Balears

Authors: Pierre Berroir, Ladan Ghazi-Saidi, Tanya Dash, Daniel Adrover-Roig, Ana Inés Ansaldo & Habib Bénali.


The bilingual advantage in interference control tasks has been studied with the Simon task among others. The mixed evidence from these studies has led to contradictions in the literature regarding the bilingual advantage. Moreover, fMRI evidence on the neural basis of interference control mechanisms with the Simon task is limited. Previous work by our team showed that equivalent performance on the Simon task was associated with different activation maps in elderly bilinguals and monolinguals. This study aims to provide a more in-depth perspective on the neural bases of performance on the Simon task in elderly bilinguals and monolinguals, by adopting a network perspective for the functional connectivity analysis. A node-by-node analysis led to the identification of the specific topology that characterized the bilingual and monolingual functional networks and the degree of connectivity and their strength between each node across groups. Results showed greater connectivity in bilinguals in the inferior temporal sulcus, which plays a role in visuospatial processing. On the other hand, in monolinguals, brain areas involved in visual, motor, executive functions and interference control were more connected. In other words, in comparison to the monolingual brain, the bilingual brain resolves visuospatial interference economically, by allocating fewer and more clustered regions. These results demonstrate a global efficiency in task performance in bilinguals as compared to monolinguals. This filters out the task-specific so-called bilingual advantage discussed in the literature and posits that bilinguals are strategically more efficient in a given performance than monolinguals. This enhances our understanding of successful aging.
Coffee break and poster session
Place: Hall First floor area A

Other activities in Coffee break and poster session
10:30 h. to 11:30 h.Coffee break

Poster

Person Reference and Social Understanding: Laboratory Data from Czech Toddlers

Speaker: Anna Chromá, Charles University in Prague
Poster

Developmental trends, age and gender differences in toddlers’ communicative development: A study in European Portuguese

Speaker: Irene Cadime, Universidade do Minho
Poster

Acquisition of prepositions and question words in Czech – a parent-report study

Speaker: Stepan Matejka, Charles University in Prague
Poster

Linguistic Information Usage of Japanese Children Learning Artificial Case Markers

Speaker: Zhao Zhao, Hiroshima University
Poster

Does linguistic similarity affect early simultaneous bilingual language acquisition?

Speaker: Antje Endesfelder Quick, University of Leipzig
Poster

Enhancing narrative abilities among children and teenagers with mild cognitive impairment: the effect of intervention strategies and story complexity

Speaker: Judy Kupersmitt, Hadassah Academic College
Poster

Perfil lingüístico-comunicativo de individuos con TEA de alto funcionamiento. Relaciones con la severidad de los problemas conductuales y emocionales asociados

Speaker: Mariela Resches Zlotnik, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela
Poster

La intervención neuropsicológica en las disfasias del desarrollo: a propósito de un caso

Speaker: Norma Alejandra Gutiérrez Almazán, Universidad de Guadalajara
Poster

Executive Functions and Eye Fixations in Children with Cochlear Implant

Speaker: Maria Fernanda Lara Díaz, Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Poster

Estudio de la conciencia de tartamudez y comportamientos secundarios en niños de 2 a 6 años

Speaker: Miguel Pérez Pereira, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela
Poster

The role of bimodal input in L2 word recognition and vocabulary learning

Speaker: Sara Feijoo, Universitat de Barcelona
Poster

Parentalidad, Habla Dirigida al Niño y desarrollo inicial del lenguaje.

Speaker: Magda Rivero García, Universitat de Barcelona
Poster

Programa: “Leamos Juntos”. Un modelo para el desarrollo lingüístico - cognitivo y la alfabetización desde el nivel inicial de la enseñanza.

Speaker: Sandra Marder, Comisión de investigaciones Científicas de la provincia de Buenos Aires
Poster

Recetas de cocina producidas por sordos y oyentes en lengua de signos española: Algunas claves para su enseñanza

Speaker: Ines Mª Garcia Azkoaga, Universidad del País Vasco
Poster

Validation of the CDI-III in European Portuguese: reliability and validity evidence

Speaker: Irene Cadime, Universidade do Minho
Poster

Actividad comunicativa con función instrumental y declarativa: un abordaje multidimensional y dinámico

Speaker: Laura Vivas Fernández, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Poster

Why is shared book reading effective for children's Theory of Mind development?: Frequency analysis of cognitive mental state terms in Japanese picture books

Speaker: Yuko Okumura, NTT Communication Science Laboratories