Programa general, fitxa d'activitat

Divendres 9 de setembre de 2016 15:30 a 16:00 Presentació oral
Evaluation of Narrative Skills in Language-impaired Children: Advantages of Dynamic Approach
Exposa: Aleksandr N. Kornev, Saint-Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University

Autors: Ingrida Balčiūnienė, Aleksandr N. Kornev

Intervention in language-impaired populations needs efficient and ecologically valid diagnostic tools. Narrative analysis could serve as such a tool for a number of reasons [1]. Narrative discourse can be treated either as a text produced by a narrator or a process of narration. When producing a narrative, one explicates a combination of prototypical genre format and individual story-telling style. Narrator’s skills in story-telling and his/her involvement in narrative elicitation procedure may influence results of narration; this should be particularly taken into account when assessing clinical populations. However, in the majority of narrative studies, a narrator is usually leaved out of the parenthesis. In this respect, the MAIN [2], as a narrative elicitation scheme, was modified and extended by the authors of the presentation. The new instrument, named [removed for review], enables for evaluating both a current state of narrative language (so called “actual zone of development” according L. Vygotsky) and a potential achievement influenced by priming (“zone of proximal development”). The [removed for review] was piloted in two studies in monolingual Russian-speaking: 1) TD and SLI preschoolers; and 2) 3–4-grade TD and dyslexic students. Results of the first study highlighted novel advantages of dynamic approach to narrative analysis. Various internal (personal) and external variables confirmed to have significant influence on qualitative and quantitative measures of narrative. Results of the second study confirmed that limitations in dyslexic narrative language are caused rather by procedural factors but not pure language limitations. Hence, the dynamic approach to narrative analysis was proved as an effective and informative method that might highlight new mechanisms of narration and thus extend the traditional narrative analysis. References [1] McCabe A., Bliss L. 2003: Patterns of narrative discourse. Boston: Allyn & Bacon. [2] Gagarina N. et al. 2012: MAIN: Multilingual Assessment Instrument for Narratives. Berlin: ZAS.
Nous enfocaments metodològics per a l'estudi del llenguatge
Lloc: Aula A-15

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